As fall armyworm (FAW) possess the ability to cause significant crop yield losses and a threat to food security; hence the management and control strategies need to be practice with utmost priority and caution. Furthermore, as the trade and transportation proliferate around the globe, the infested region continues to serve as a hub of dispersal of FAW pest around the globe. If the pest reaches the environmentally and geographically suitable conditions, the species can survive year-round with continuous expansion and pose a severe threat to global food security. On the contrary, being an invasive species with high reproductive capacity, the pest still presents certain areas of weakness such as the absence of diapause and vulnerability to natural enemies which could be utilized for planning management strategies. Meanwhile, the unaffected area needs to proceed forward with caution while practicing quarantine strategies wherever required. Also, the concerned stakeholders from affected and unaffected areas should come forward to build knowledge bases which could assist national and regional pest risk assessments and appropriate control measures of this devastating pest as enumerated below;
However, based in the global experiences, the Integrated Pest Management, IPM triangle is an outline of best practices to be followed by farmers to avoid any unforeseen events due to FAW infestation. Following illustration demonstrates the integrated pest management (IPM) as a holistic solution to fall armyworm.
Adherence to responsible agricultural practices, besides integrated pest management plans, can help the farmers avoid or detect and eradicate early stage FAW infestations.
Revised Package of Practices (POPs) for Maize Farmers 2020