Research Resources

  • Phytohormones in Fall Armyworm Saliva Modulate Defense Responses in Plants

    Journal of Chemical Ecology

    Next-generation cell lines established from the fall armyworm, Spodoptera frugiperda (Lepidoptera: Noctuidae)

    In Vitro Cellular & Developmental Biology - Animal

    "Genetic characterization of fall armyworm infesting South Africa and India indicate recent introduction from a common source population"

    Plos One

    The global burden of pathogens and pests on major food crops

  • Prediction of migratory routes of the invasive fall armyworm in eastern China using a trajectory analytical approach


    Understanding the factors influencing fall armyworm (Spodoptera frugiperda J.E. Smith) damage in African smallholder maize fields and quantifying its impact on yield. A case study in Eastern Zimbabwe

    Crop Protection

    Turfgrass Cultivar Diversity Provides Associational Resistance in the Absence of Pest Resistant Cultivars

    Environmental Entomology

    Efficacy of Bt Maize for control of Spodoptera frugiperda (Lepidoptera: Noctuidae) in South Africa.

    J Econ Entomol.

    Survival and effective dominance level of a Cry1A.105/Cry2Ab2-dual gene resistant population of Spodoptera frugiperda (J.E. Smith) on common pyramided Bt corn traits.

    Crop Prot.
  • The Efficacy of Selected Synthetic Insecticides and Botanicals against Fall Armyworm, Spodoptera frugiperda, in Maize.


    Fall Armyworm [Internet].

    Food and Agriculture Organization

    "First report of the fall Armyworm, Spodoptera frugiperda (J. E. Smith)(Lepidoptera, Noctuidae) on sugarcane and other crops from Maharashtra, India"

    Journal of Entomology and Zoology Studies

    First record of invasive fall armyworm, Spodoptera frugiperda (J.E. Smith) (Lepidoptera: Noctuidae) on rice (Oryza sativa) from India

    Journal of Entomology and Zoology Studies
  • Intraspecific differences in plant defense induction by fall armyworm strains

    New Phytologist

    Cry1 Bt Susceptibilities of Fall Armyworm (Lepidoptera: Noctuidae) Host Strains

    Journal of Economic Entomology
  • Biology of invasive fall army worm Spodoptera frugiperda (J.E. Smith) (Lepidoptera: Noctuidae) on maize

    Indian Journal of Entomology

    "Status of alien pest fall armyworm, Spodoptera frugiperda (J E Smith) on maize in Northern Karnataka"

    Journal of Entomology and Zoology Studies

    "A climate-adapted push-pull system effectively controls fall armyworm,Spodoptera frugiperda (J E Smith), in maize in East Africa"

    Crop Prot.

    Presence of fall armyworm, Spodoptera frugiperda (J.E. Smith) (Lepidoptera: Noctuidae), an invasive pest of maize in university jurisdiction.

    University of Agricultural and Horticultural Sciences

    Beware the Fall Armyworm. [Internet].

    Sunday Observer
  • Host Plants of Spodoptera frugiperda (Lepidoptera: Noctuidae) in the Americas.

    African Entomol.

    Integrated management of the Fall Atmyworm on maize.

    Food and Agriculture Organization

    Fall Armyworm in Africa: A guide for integrated pest management


    Forecasting the global extent of invasion of the cereal pest Spodoptera frugiperda, the fall armyworm


    Effect of temperature on development and reproduction of Spodoptera frugiperda (Lepidoptera: Noctuidae).

    North West University
  • Spodoptera frugiperda (Fall armyworm).

    Pest Geogr.

    Fall Arny Scouting [Internet]. FAW guidance note 2

    Food and Agriculture Organization

    How to manage fall armyworm: A quick guide for smallholders [Internet]. FAW guidance notes.

    Food and Agriculture Organization

    Status of the Fall Armywomr (FAW) in Kenya.

    Ministry of Kenya

    Applying push-pull principles in managing fall armyworm in Africa.

  • Maize–Legume Intercropping and Push–Pull for Management of Fall Armyworm, Stemborers, and Striga in Uganda.

    Agron Journal.

    Maize production technologies in India. Pest and disease crops.

    Government of India

    Studies on new invasive pest Spodoptera frugiperda (J. E. Smith) (Lepidoptera: Noctuidae) and its natural enemies.

    J Biol Control.

    AUse of the entomopathogenic nematode Steinernema carpocapsae in combination with low-toxicity insecticides to control fall armyworm (Lepidoptera: Noctuidae) larvae.

    Florida Entomol.
  • Diallel analysis for aflatoxin accumulation and fall armyworm leaf-feeding damage in maize

    Journal of Crop Improvement
  • Fall Armyworm-Associated Gut Bacteria Modulate Plant Defense Responses

    APS Journals

    Fall armyworm migration across the Lesser Antilles and the potential for genetic exchanges between North and South American populations

    Plos One

    Bacterial Inoculant Treatment of Bermudagrass Alters Ovipositional Behavior, Larval and Pupal Weights of the Fall Armyworm (Lepidoptera: Noctuidae)

    Environmental Entomology

    Mechanism and DNA-based detection of field-evolved resistance to transgenic Bt corn in fall armyworm (Spodoptera frugiperda)

    Scientific Reports

    Transcript expression plasticity as a response to alternative larval host plants in the speciation process of corn and rice strains of Spodoptera frugiperda.

    BMC Genomics
  • Genomic adaptation to polyphagy and insecticides in a major East Asian noctuid pest.

    Nat Ecol Evol.

    Molecular methods to detect Spodoptera frugiperda in Ghana, and implications for monitoring the spread of invasive species in developing countries.

    Sci Rep.

    Interceptions of harmful organisms in imported plants and other objects [Internet].


    Evaluation of Light Trap against Different Coloured Electric Bulbs for Trapping Phototrophic Insects.

  • First report of outbreaks of the fall armyworm Spodoptera frugiperda (J E Smith) (Lepidoptera, Noctuidae), a new alien invasive Pest in West and Central Africa.

    PLoS One.
  • Use of benzimidazole agar plates to assess fall armyworm (Lepidoptera: Noctuidae) feeding on excised maize and sorghum leaves

    The Florida Entomologist

    Modeling seasonal migration of fall armyworm moths

    International Journal of Biometeorology

    Fall Armyworm (Lepidoptera: Noctuidae) Ecology in Southeastern Cotton.

    J Integr Pest Manag.
  • Mortality dynamics of Spodoptera frugiperda (Lepidoptera: Noctuidae) immatures in Maize.

    PLoS One.

    Occurrence of natural enemies of Spodoptera frugiperda (Lepidoptera: Noctuidae) in Chihuahua, Mexico.

    Florida Entomol.

    Manual for skill development of farmers for production of IPM inputs in IPM Seva Kendra.


    Eight principles of integrated pest management.

    Agron Sustain Dev.
  • Cry1F Resistance in Fall Armyworm Spodoptera frugiperda: Single Gene versus Pyramided Bt Maize

    Plos One

    Herbivore Cues from the Fall Armyworm (Spodoptera frugiperda) Larvae Trigger Direct Defenses in Maize

    APS Journals

    AESA Based IPM Package-Pearl Millet.

  • Inferring the annual migration patterns of fall armyworm (Lepidoptera: Noctuidae) in the United States from mitochondrial haplotypes.

    Ecol Evol.

    Using Sex Pheromone Traps in the Decision-Making Process for Pesticide Application against Fall Armyworm (Spodoptera frugiperda [Smith] [Lepidoptera: Noctuidae]) Larvae in Maize

    International Journal of Pest Management
  • Revision de los hospederos del gusano cogollero del maiz, Spodoptera frugiperda (Lepidoptera: Noctuidae).

    Rev la Soc Entomológica Argentina

    Host plant association and genetic differentiation of corn and rice strains of Spodoptera frugiperda Smith (Lepidoptera: Noctuidae) in Colombia.

    Neotrop entomol.
  • Genetic variation in neonate behavior of Fall Armyworm (Lepidoptera: Noctuidae).

    Florida Entomol

    Grasping at the routes of biological invasions: A framework for integrating pathways into policy.

    Appl Ecol.
  • Population dynamics of the Fall armyworm, Spodoptera frugiperda (Lepidoptera: Noctuidae) and its parasitoids in northwestern Argentina.

    Florida Entomol
  • Distribution and natural parasitism of Spodoptera frugiperda (Lepidoptera: Noctuidae) eggs at different phenological stages of corn.

    Florida Entomol
  • Host-plant adaptation in Fall Armyworm host strains: Comparison of food consumption, utilization, and detoxication enzyme Activities

    Ann Entomol Soc Am.

    Pheromone traps–effective tools for monitoring Lepidopterous insect pests of Sweet Corn [Internet].

    Cornell University Factsheets
  • Movement of Neonate Fall Armyworm (Lepidoptera: Noctuidae) Larvae on Resistant and Susceptible Genotypes of Corn.

    Environ Entomol.
  • Feeding Sites and Distribution of Fall Armyworm (Lepidoptera: Noctuidae) Larvae on Cotton.

    Environ Entomo

    Weekly Economic Injury Levels for Fall Armyworm (Lepidoptera: Noctuidae) Infestation of Corn in Lowland Ecuador

    J. Econ. Entomo.
  • Correction: Quantitative Genetics, Development and Physiological Adaptation in Host Strains of Fall Armyworm

  • Survival of Fall Armyworm, Spodoptera frugiperda, (Lepifoptera: Noctuidae) exposed to cold temperatures.

    Florida Entomol
  • A review of plant response to fall armyworm Spodotera frugiperda (J.E. Smith) injury in selected field and forage crops

    Florida Entomol
  • Observations on the Infestation of Corn by Fall Armyworm (Lepidoptera: Noctuidae) with Reference to Plant Maturity

    The Florida Entomologist

    Fall Armyworm damage ratings on corn at various infestation levels and plant development stages.

    J Agric Entomol.